CN: 32-1845/R
ISSN: 2095-6975
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JIANG Ying-Qun, LIU E-Hu. Microcos paniculata: a review on its botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology[J]. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, 2019, 17(8): 561-574

Microcos paniculata: a review on its botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology

JIANG Ying-Qun, LIU E-Hu
State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China
Abstract:
The shrub Microcos paniulata (MPL; Tiliaceae), distributed in south China, south and southeast Asia, yields a phytomedicine used to treat heat stroke, fever, dyspepsia, diarrhea, insect bites and jaundice. Phytochemical investigations on different parts of MPL indicate the presence of flavonoids, alkaloids, triterpenoids and organic acids. The MPL leaves, fruits, barks and roots extracts showed antidiarrheal, antimicrobial and insecticidal, anti-inflammation, hepatoprotective, cardiovascular protective, blood lipids reducing, analgesic, jaundice-relieving and antipyretic activities, etc. The review aims to summary the traditional uses, botany, phytochemistry, pharmacological bioactivity, quality control, toxicology and potential mechanisms of MPL. Additionally, this review will highlight the existing research gaps in knowledge and provide a foundation for further investigations on this plant.
Key words:    Microcos paniculata    Botany    Traditional uses    Phytochemistry    Pharmacology   
Received: 2019-04-18   Revised:
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Articles by LIU E-Hu
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