CN: 32-1845/R
ISSN: 2095-6975
Cite this paper:
ZHANG Ben-Mei, WANG Zhi-Bin, XIN Ping, WANG Qiu-Hong, BU He, KUANG Hai-Xue. Phytochemistry and pharmacology of genus Ephedra[J]. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, 2018, 16(11): 811-828

Phytochemistry and pharmacology of genus Ephedra

ZHANG Ben-Mei1, WANG Zhi-Bin1, XIN Ping1, WANG Qiu-Hong2, BU He1, KUANG Hai-Xue1
1 Key Laboratory of Chinese Materia Medica(Ministry of Education), Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Harbin 150040, China;
2 Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510000, China
The genus Ephedra of the Ephedraceae family contains more than 60 species of nonflowering seed plants distributed throughout Asia, America, Europe, and North Africa. These Ephedra species have medicinal, ecological, and economic value. This review aims to summarize the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of the Ephedra species to unveil opportunities for future research. Comprehensive information on the Ephedra species was collected by electronic search (e.g., GoogleScholar, Pubmed, SciFinder, and Web of Science) and phytochemical books. The chemical compounds isolated from the Ephedra species include alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, polysaccharides, and others. The in vitro and in vivo pharmacological studies on the crude extracts, fractions and few isolated compounds of Ephedra species showed anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antibacterial, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, anti-obesity, antiviral, and diuretic activities. After chemical and pharmacological profiling, current research is focused on the antibacterial and antifungal effects of the phenolic acid compounds, the immunosuppressive activity of the polysaccharides, and the antitumor activity of flavonoids.
Key words:    Ephedra    Phytochemistry    Pharmacology   
Received: 2017-12-28   Revised:
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Articles by ZHANG Ben-Mei
Articles by WANG Zhi-Bin
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Articles by WANG Qiu-Hong
Articles by BU He
Articles by KUANG Hai-Xue

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