CN: 32-1845/R
ISSN: 2095-6975
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Rachel A. Ness, Duane D. Miller, Wei LI. The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention[J]. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, 2015, 13(7): 481-497

The role of vitamin D in cancer prevention

Rachel A. Ness, Duane D. Miller, Wei LI
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
Abstract:
Vitamin D, also known as cholecalciferol, is the precursor to the active steroid hormone 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol; 1, 25(OH)2D3). The main physiological role for 1, 25(OH)2D3 is to regulate calcium and inorganic phosphate homeostasis for bone health. More recently, vitamin D has been investigated for its effects in the prevention and treatment of a variety of diseases such as cancer, autoimmune disorders, and cardiovascular disease. Preclinical data strongly support a role for vitamin D in the prevention of cancer through its anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and anti-angiogenic effects on cells. Epidemiologic and clinical studies have shown mixed data on the correlation between serum vitamin D levels and cancer risk. This report seeks to outline results from the most recent preclinical and clinical studies investigating the potential role of vitamin D in cancer prevention.
Key words:    Vitamin D    Calcitriol    Cancer prevention    Cancer prognosis    Vitamin D deficiency   
Received: 2015-05-10   Revised:
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Articles by Rachel A. Ness
Articles by Duane D. Miller
Articles by Wei LI
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